Marriage or wedlock is an interpersonal relationship (usually intimate and sexual) with governmental, social, or religious recognition. It is often created by a contract or through civil processes. Civil marriage is the legal concept of marriage as a governmental institution.
The most common form of marriage unites one man and one woman as husband and wife. Other forms of marriage also exist: for example, polygamy—in which a person takes more than one spouse (marriage partner)—is common in many societies. In some jurisdictions civil marriage has been expanded to include same-sex marriage.
People marry for many reasons, but usually one or more of the following: legal, social and economic stability; the formation of a family unit; procreation and the education and nurturing of children; legitimizing sexual relations; public declaration of love; or to obtain citizenship.
A marriage is often declared by a wedding ceremony, which may be performed either by a religious officiant, by a secular government-sanctioned officiator, or (in weddings that have no church or state affiliation) by a trusted friend of the wedding participants. The act of marriage usually creates obligations between the individuals involved, and in many societies, their extended families.
1.) What is civil marriage?
2.) Describe the most common form of marriage.
3.) What is polygamy?
4.) A marriage is often declared by what?
Vocabulary Words: Break each vocabulary word up into syllables: 名 音节;一言
intimate: 形 亲切的;亲密的;直接的 process: 名 进行;方法;工程;制作;传票
recognition: 名 认知;承认;表彰 concept: 名 概念
civil: 形 市民的;文职的;凡俗的;文明的 legitimize: 动 使合法
institution: 名 公共团体 名 惯例;制度;设置;制定圣餐式;授任圣职
form: 名 形状;表格纸;仪式;姿势;种类 动 养成;组织;明白发音;形成;作成队行
unite: 动 弄成一体;结合;使联合;使合 exist: 动 实在;存在;现存;生存;活著
jurisdiction: 名 裁判权;各种权 expand: 动 使膨大.扩张;详述;使发展
reason: 名 理由;理智;前提;思考;推论 stability: 名 安定;复原力;坚固
procreation: 名 生产;生殖 nurture: 名 养育;教育;营养物;后天性的
declaration: 名 宣告;宣言书;公布 obtain: 动 得到;获得;达到;实行;流行
citizenship: 名 市民身份;国籍 secular: 形 现世的.非宗教性的
obligation: 名 义务;约束;契约 extended: 形 广大的;长期的;扩大的